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Industrial biomanufacturing of chemicals needn’t be large scale

Producing mass quantities of chemicals has its roots in the industrial revolution. But industrial synthesis leads to sizeable sustainability and socioeconomic challenges. The rapid advances in biotechnology suggest that biological manufacturing on a small scale may soon be a feasible […]

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The Blackboard

Material balances: Pan floor

Material balances over the pan floor are often needed. Here a 3-boiling system with a refinery liquor input, producing high pol raw sugar and final molasses is considered. Again the data is representative but not from actual operations. The balance […]